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Disproportionality

Each state that receives assistance under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) must provide for the collection and examination of data to determine if significant disproportionality based on race and ethnicity is occurring in the state’s schools with respect to:

  • the identification of children as children with disabilities
  • the placement in particular educational settings of these children
  • the incidence, duration and type of disciplinary actions, including suspensions and expulsions

In the case of a determination of significant disproportionality for any of the above-mentioned situations, the state must:

  • provide for the review of the policies, procedures practices used in the identification or placement to ensure compliance with the requirements of IDEA
  • require any school identified under this provision to reserve funds to provide for intervening services for children in those groups that were significantly overidentified
  • require any school to publicly report on any revision of policies, procedures or practices

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